1.0 Area and Population
Gujarat has an area of about 1.96 lakh sq. kms. The state is divided into 26 districts and 224 blocks. The population of the state, as per provisional figures provided by Census 2001, stood at 4.84 crores excluding earthquake affected areas. With the inclusion of the estimated figures of earthquake affected areas, the population of Gujarat was 5.06 crores.
Gujarat accounts for 6.19 percent of the area of India. The population of the state, including estimated figures of earthquake-affected areas, is 4.93 percent of the total national population.
The population density of Gujarat was 258 persons per sq. km. in 2001. The highest density of 718 persons per sq. km. was observed in the district of Ahmedabad, while the least density of 35 persons per sq. km. was found in the district of Kutch.
1.2. Sex Ratio:
The sex ratio of Gujarat has reduced to 921 from 934 in 1991. The Dangs and Amreli have the highest sex ratio of 986, while the lowest sex ratio of 835 was found in Surat.
The sex ratio for Scheduled Caste population in the state is 925, while it is 911 in urban areas and 934 in rural areas.
The sex ratio for Scheduled Tribe population in the state is 974, while it is 926 in urban areas and 978 in rural areas.