There were more than 20,000 vacancies of teachers in 1997-98. State Government introduced a scheme of appointment of Balgurus in April 1997 which was modified to scheme of appointment of Vidya Sahayaks in June 1998. Under this scheme, a Vidya Sahayak is appointed on contract basis for a period of five years and on a fixed honorarium of Rs. 2500/- per month. The minimum qualifications for appointment of Vidya Sahayaks are the same as that of a primary school teacher, i.e. SSC + 2 year programme in a Primary Teachers Training College (PTC).
All appointments are made at district level by open advertisement and on merit according to marks obtained in SSC and PTC. State Government has stopped recruitment of fully paid teachers and Vidya Sahayaks would be eligible for absorption as teachers on completion of two years of service, on the vacancies created by retirement of teachers. Vidya Sahayaks, who are not so absorbed, will be absorbed at the end of five years of service as teachers. State Government has also adopted a transparent method of posting and transfer of Vidya Sahayaks and teachers under which open camps are organized where vacancies are displayed and postings are decided in the presence of all concerned on the basis of merit and other guidelines prescribed by the State Government. From 1998-99 to till date a total of 58847 Vidyasahayaks have been appointed.
Upgradation upper primary schools
State Government aims to provide at least one upper primary school in every village by the end of Ninth Five-Year Plan, so that no child has to travel to another village to complete elementary education. About 6,000 lower primary schools have been upgraded in the first three years of the Plan.
Tarang Ullasmay Shikshan
State Government has introduced a scheme for preparation of Balmitra Vargs for providing Joyful Learning to students of Std. II & I. Under this scheme, a classroom is decorated with colourful educational charts and paintings, which act as teaching learning aids. The lower part of the wall is painted black where children can scribble or draw pictures with a chalk stick. This scheme has been very successful and while State Government provides only a small part of the cost for preparing such class rooms, teachers have been able obtain local contribution.